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  NAME PLACE OF BIRTH DATE OF BIRTH & DEMISE DETAILS
Bhagat Singh

Banga, Jaranwala Tehsil, Lyallpur district, Punjab, British India (Present-Day Pakistan)

28th September 1907 - 23rd March 1931

Everyone in India knows about Bhagat Singh, he was one of the most influential freedom fighters of India who participated in the Indian Independence Movement. He carried out many revolutionary activity throughout his life like killing of John Saunders and throwing bomb and leaflets inside the Central Legislative Assembly. Born in Punjab, he was 12 years old when Jallianwala Bagh Massacre happened and at the age of 14 years he actively participated in Non-Cooperation movement started by Gandhi. His dreams were shattered when Gandhi called of the movement after the Chauri Chaura incident and he parted his way from Gandhian Policy of Non-Violence . To avoid arrange marriage he ran away from home and wrote: "My life has been dedicated to the noblest cause, that of the freedom of the country. Therefore, there is no rest or worldly desire that can lure me now." After throwing bomb in Central Assembly he didn't ran away instead he stayed and threw leaflets shouting "Inquilab Zindabad". He was arrested and moved to Delhi jail. In Lahore Jail he carried out the hunger strike for "inhumane treatment" of Indian prisoners. His hunger strike lasted for 116 days (one of the longest in history). After trial he was sentenced to death and was hanged on 23rd March 1931.

Sukhdev Thapar

Ludhiana, Punjab, British India

15th May 1907 - 23rd March 1931

Sukhdev was third revolutionary who was hanged with Bhagat Singh and Rajguru on 23rd March 1931. He was born in Ludhiana, Punjab and became member of Hindustan Socialist Republican Association in his early age. He also taught at National College and prepared youths for the struggle for independence. He is best known for killing John Saunders with Bhagat Singh. He was cremated at Hussainiwala along with Bhagat Singh and Sukhdev. Now at Hussainwala there is famous National Martyrs Memorial and every year on 23rd March "Shaheedi Mela" is observed.

Shivaram Hari Rajguru

Shivaram Hari RajguruShivaram Hari Rajguru

24th August 1908 - 23rd March 1931

He was one of the three accused who was hanged along with Bhagat singh and Sukhdev for killing of British police officer J. P. Saunders. He was commonly known as Rajguru and belonged to Maharashtra State of India. They executed Saunders to avenge the death of Lala Lajpat Rai who died in a lathi charge by police when he was protesting against the Simon Commission. He was caught when police was able to discover the Lahore bomb factory of H.S.R.A (Hindustan Socialist Republican Association). He was put under trial in Lahore conspiracy case and ordered to be hanged on 24th March 1931. The schedule was forwarded by 11 hours and they were hanged on 23rd March 1931. Afterwards jail authorities secretly cremated them and threw the ashes into the Sutlej River.

Chandra Shekhar Azad

Bhavra, Alirajpur district of Madhya Pradesh. Central India Agency, British India

23rd July 1906 - 27th February 1931

Chandra Shekhar Azad was another prominent freedom fighter of India and he carried out the revolutionary activities when many extremist leaders were caught in Kakori Train Robbery Case. When he was 15 years old when he was arrested for carrying out Non-Cooperation movement. He carried out the Kakori Train robbery and at that time he was 18 years old! He reorganized the Hindustan Republican Association (founded by Ram Prasad Bismil) to Hindustan Socialist Republican Association (H.S.R.A). He attempted to blow up the Viceroy's train in 1926, and with Bhagat Singh carried out the shooting of J.P. Saunders. On 27th February 1931 at Alfred Park in Allahabad he was surrounded by British police and after a long shootout when no way to escape, he shot himself with his last bullet and completed his pledged of never to be captured alive. After Independence of India, Alfred Park was renamed Chandrasekhar Azad Park.

Kartar Singh Sarabha

Sarabha Village, Ludhiana, Punjab, British India (present-day Punjab, India)

24th May 1896 - 16th November 1915

He was born in Ludhiana, Punjab into a Sikh family and he was famous for carrying out the Ghadar Mutiny. The Ghadar Mutiny aimed to overthrow British with the support from foreign countries. Kirpal Singh an informer of British in Ghadar party passed the information which failed the mutiny. Kartar Singh was asked to run away but he refused. After trial he along with rest of revolutionaries was sentenced to death. He was hanged in the Central Jail of Lahore on 16th November 1915. Bhagat Singh regarded Kartar Singh as his guru, friend and brother.

Kartar Singh Sarabha

Sarabha Village, Ludhiana, Punjab, British India (present-day Punjab, India)

24th May 1896 - 16th November 1915

He was born in Ludhiana, Punjab into a Sikh family and he was famous for carrying out the Ghadar Mutiny. The Ghadar Mutiny aimed to overthrow British with the support from foreign countries. Kirpal Singh an informer of British in Ghadar party passed the information which failed the mutiny. Kartar Singh was asked to run away but he refused. After trial he along with rest of revolutionaries was sentenced to death. He was hanged in the Central Jail of Lahore on 16th November 1915. Bhagat Singh regarded Kartar Singh as his guru, friend and brother.

Mangal Pandey

Nagwa, Ballia district, Ceded and Conquered Provinces, British India

19th July 1827 - 8th April 1857

Mangal Pandey was born in Ballia district of Uttar Pradesh and when he revolted against British, he was working as a sepoy for British Army. He is regarded as one of the few persons who initiated the great rebellion of 1857. He promised that he will kill the first Englishmen that he set eyes on and assassinated Lieutenant Baugh. After he was caught, he was hanged on 8th April 1857, 10 days before the scheduled date. Mangal Pandey is regarded as one of the first freedom fighters of India.

Lala Lajpat Rai

Dhudike, Punjab, British India

28th January 1865 - 17th November 1928

Lala Lajpat Rai was born on January 28, 1865 to Munshi Radha Krishna Azad and Gulab Devi at Dhudike village in Ferozpur District. Munshi Azad was a scholar of Persian and Urdu. Lala's mother was a religious lady who inculcated strong moral values in her children. His family values allowed Lajpat Rai the freedom of having different faiths and beliefs. Lala Lajpat Rai was a prominent nationalist leader who played an important role in India's struggle for freedom. He was a prominent member of the famous 'Lal Bal Pal' firebrand trio during the independence movement. His fierce brand of patriotism and potent vocalism against the British rule earned him the title of 'Punjab Kesari' or the Lion of the Punjab. He also initiated the foundation of Punjab National Bank. In 1897, he founded the Hindu Orphan Relief Movement to keep the Christian missions from securing custody of these children. He was badly injured in police lathi-charge on the activists, who were protesting the arrival of Simon Commission, and died a few days later due to the injuries.

Ram Prasad Bismil

Shahjahanpur, North-Western Provinces, British India

11th June 1897 - 19th December 1927

Ram Prasad Bismil was born in Shahjahanpur district of Uttar Pradesh. He was the founding member of H.R.A. He was associated with Hindu organization "Arya Samaj" and Ashfaq ullah Khan was his best friend. He was famous for executing Mainpuri Conspiracy Case of 1918, and then the Kakori conspiracy of 1925. He was hanged under Kakori trial on 19th December 1927. Ram Prasad Bismil was great poet-writer of Urdu and Hindi language and he wrote many famous poems. While he was in Mainpuri he wrote Mainpuri Ki Pratigya (Vow of Mainpuri). The famous poem Sarfaroshi ki Tamanna was written by him.

Ashfaqulla Khan

Shahjahanpur, North-Western Provinces, British India

22nd October 1900 - 19th December 1927

Ashfaq Ullah Khan was born in Shahjahanpur district in Uttar Pradesh. He was the best friend of Ram Prasad Bismil. Both Ashfaq and Bismil never let the wall of religion to come in between their friendship or nation. They carried out revolutionary activities together and even sacrificed their lives on the same day, 19th December 1927, but in different jails of Faizabad and Gorakhpur. He planned and then carried out Kakori Conspiracy with rest of his friend and escaped. He remained untraced by police even when Viceroy deployed Scotland Yard (One of the best police force in the world). He was betrayed by one of his pathan friend and was arrested in Delhi. Later on under trail of Kakori conspiracy he was sentenced to death.

Roshan Singh

Shahjahanpur, Allahabad, UP, British India

22nd January 1892 - 19th December 1927

Roshan Singh was accused of Kakori Conspiracy case. Born in Shahjahanpur district, Uttar Pradesh he was involved in revolutionary activities from his college days. He was arrested during the Non-Cooperation movement for shooting. During his last days he wrote famous letter to his brother which stated "The life of a man is the best creature of God and I have proved this by sacrificing it for my country. I am the first man of my village who has glorified all of you". He was hanged in Naini Jail of Allahabad on 19th December 1927.

Udham Singh

Sunam, Punjab, British India

26th December 1899 - 31st July 1940

Udham Singh was born in Sangrur district of Punjab and he is commonly referred as Shaheed-i-Azam Sardar Udham Singh. His father and mother died at an early age of 8 and he studied in an orphanage. He was inspired by Bhagat Singh and joined the Gadar Party. He helped Indian Revolutionaries by providing Arms and ammunitions for which he was later arrested. He is famous for Assassinating Michael O'Dwyer in England who approved Reginald Dyer's Jallianwala Bagh massacre. He concealed his revolver in a book and entered the hall. When the meeting was over he shot O'Dwyer twice killing him immediately. After assassinating O'Dwyer he didn't tried to escape and was arrested.

Batukeshwar Dutt

Oari, Purba Bardhaman district, British India

18th November 1910 - 20th July 1965

Batukeshwar Dutt died at the age of 54 in 1965 he played important role with Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev, Rajguru and other H.S.R.A revolutionaries. He was born in Burdwan district of West Bengal. He came to Kanpur for higher studies and there he met Bhagat Singh and learned about making bomb. He threw bomb in Central legislative assembly along with Bhagat Singh and threw pamphlets of H.S.R.A. He also carried out the famous Hunger strike in Lahore Jail with Bhagat Singh. He was sentenced to imprisonment and send to Cellular Jail, Andaman and Nicobar. When he was released he again participated in Quit India Movement and was jailed for four years. During the jail years he contracted Tuberculosis and after Independence of India he spent his remaining life in poverty as a forgotten hero. His last wish was to be cremated at the same place where Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev and Rajguru were cremated. He was cremated at Hussianwala in 1965.

Jatindra Nath Das

Calcutta, British India

27th October 1904 - 13th September 1929

He was born in Calcutta and when he was in B.A he was arrested for revolutionary activities. Later on he was contacted by other revolutionaries and he agreed to prepare bomb. He was arrested when police discovered the Saharanpur bomb factory of H.S.R.A and was put in Lahore Jail with Bhagat Singh and Batukeshwar Dutta. He started hunger strike along with Bhagat Singh and other revolutionaries and died on 63rd day of his hunger strike.

Subhas Chandra Bose

Cuttack, Orissa Division, Bengal Presidency, British India (present-day Odisha, India)

23rd January 1897 - 18th August 1945

Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose was born on 23 January, 1897 in Cuttack (Orissa) to Janakinath Bose and Prabhavati Devi. Subhash was the ninth child among eight brothers and six sisters. His father, Janakinath Bose, was an affluent and successful lawyer in Cuttack and received the title of "Rai Bahadur". He later became a member of the Bengal Legislative Council. Subhash Chandra Bose was one of the most celebrated freedom fighters of India. He was a charismatic influencer of the youth and earned the epithet 'Netaji' by establishing and leading the Indian National Army (INA) during India's struggle for independence. Although initially aligned with the Indian National Congress, he was ousted from the party due to his difference in ideology. He sought assistance from Nazi leadership in Germany and Imperial forces in Japan during the World War II, to overthrow the British from India. His sudden disappearance post 1945, led to surfacing of various theories, concerning the possibilities of his survival.

Durgavati Devi

-

7th October 1907 - 15th October 1999

Durgavati Devi (Durga Bhabhi) was an Indian revolutionary and a freedom fighter. She was one of the few women revolutionaries who actively participated in armed revolution against the ruling British Raj. She is best known for having accompanied Bhagat Singh on the train journey in which he made his escape in disguise after the Saunders killing, Since she was the wife of Hindustan Socialist Republican Association (HSRA) member Bhagwati Charan Vohra, other members of HSRA referred to her as Bhabhi (elder brother's wife) and became popular as "Durga Bhabhi" in Indian revolutionary circles. Durgavati Devi was a Bengali woman and her mother tongue was Bengali.

Madan Lal Dhingra

Amritsar, Punjab, British India

18th September 1883 - 17th August 1909

Madan Lal was one of first Indian revolutionary of 20th century. He was studying in England when he carried out the Assassination of William Hutt Curzon Wyllie. While studying in England he joined Abhinav Bharat Mandal and became active member of India House an organization stated by Indian in England. On 1st July 1909, during the gathering of Indian National Association, Dhingra fired five shots at Curzon Wyllie and then he didn't tried to escape and surrendered. After a trial of 25 days he was sentenced to death and subsequently hanged on 17th August 1909.

Khudiram Bose

Habibpur, Midnapore District, Bengal Presidency, India

3rd December 1889 - 11th August 1908

He was one of the youngest revolutionaries of India and at the time he died he was just 18 years old. He was born in Paschim Medinipur district of West Bengal. At the age of 16 he planted bombs near police stations targeting government officials. He was also charged with The Muzaffarpur killing in which he targeted Kingsford. Later he was caught and after trial he was hanged on 11th of August 1908. The English newspaper, The Statesman, wrote about him: ("The Railway station was crowded to see the boy. A mere boy of 18 or 19 years old, who looked quite determined. He came out of a first-class compartment and walked all the way to the phaeton, kept for him outside, like a cheerful boy who knows no anxiety...on taking his seat the boy lustily cried 'Vandemataram'.")

Sardar Ajit Singh

Khatkarkalan village in Nawanshahr district of Punjab

2nd February 1881 - 15th August 1947

Sardar Ajit Singh was the uncle of Bhagat Singh. He was born at Khatkarkalan village in Nawanshahr district of Punjab. From his childhood he faced many uncivilized activities of British government and openly criticized it. When he was a student of D.A.V. college, Lahore and later a law student from Barriely Law college but due to his interest on freedom movement, he left college unfinished the degree. In 1907, he was transported to Mandalay Jail in Burma along with Lala Lajpat Rai. Later he came in contact with Gadhar Party and helped Subhas Chandra Bose in his mission in Italy. He travelled Rome, Geneva, Paris, Rio de jenerio, Sanfrancisco and many places of Europe for revolutionary activities against British. He died on the same they of India's independence means 15 August, 1947 and said his last sentence " Thank God, my mission is fulfilled ".

Badal Gupta

Purba Shimulia, Bikrampur, Bengal Presidency, British India (now in Bangladesh)

1912 - 1930

Badal Gupta was born in Munshiganj District, now in Bangladesh. He joined Bengal Volunteers and he became famous for Writers' Building Attack of 1930. He along with his friend Benoy Basu and Dinesh Gupta entered into the building. They shot Police Colonel N.S. Simpson, who was famous for torturing prisoners in the jail. After killing Colonel, a gun battle followed and they were outnumbered. Unwilling to get arrested Badal took potassium cyanide and died instantly. Dalhousie Square was renamed as B.B.D. Bagh in honor of Benoy Basu, Badal Gupta and Dinesh Gupta.

Dinesh Gupta

Josholong, Bikrampur, Bengal Presidency, British India (now in Bangladesh)

6th December 1911 - 7th July 1931

Dinesh Gupta was born Munshiganj District, now in Bangladesh and during his college life he joined Bengal Volunteers, organised by Subhas Chandra Bose. He was friend of Badal Gupta and Benoy Basu. During the attack of Writers' Building when they were outnumbered, Dinesh shot himself with his own revolver. However, he survived the injury and later on he was sentenced to death. He was hanged on 7th July 1931.

Hemu Kalani

Sukkur, Sindh, British India (now Pakistan)

23rd March 1923 - 21st January 1943

He was a Sindhi and born in Sukkur, now in Pakistan. He joined Gandhi's Quit India Movement and was involved in raids and burning of vehicles belonging to British Government. Hemu and his friends tried to derail the train by removing the fishplate. He and his friends lacked necessary tools so they used rope to lose the fixing. He was caught and tortured but he didn't revealed the names of his friends. He was put on trial and he was hanged on 21 January 1943. A statue of Hemu Kalani is located in the Parliament complex in India.

Prafulla Chaki

Bihari village of Bogra district, Bengal Presidency, British India now in Bangladesh

10th December 1888 - 2nd May 1908

Prafulla Chaki was a Bengali revolutionary and he was associated with Jugantar (revolutionary party). He along with Khudiram Bose carried out the The Muzaffarpur Killing and later both took separate route to escape. He got identified at Mokama Ghat railway station and when he was about to get arrested, he took his own life by firing two shots one at the forehead and the other on the left side of his chest.

Basanta Kumar Biswas

Poragachha, Nadia, West Bengal, British India

6th February 1895 - 11th May 1915

Basanta Kumar Biswas was also member of Jugantar and he carried out the Bombing at the Viceroy's Parade on 23rd December 1912, disguised as a women. Viceroy suffered major injuries and his Mahout was killed. He escaped from the site and later he was caught in Nadia. After trial he was sentenced to life imprisonment but British authority wanted death penalty. Another trial was started at Ambala and records were tampered and he was sentenced to death. He was hanged on 11th May 1915 at Ambala Central Jail in Punjab.

Kanailal Dutta

Chandannagar, Hooghly, Bengal, British India

30th August 1888 - 10th November 1908

Kanailal Dutta was a Bengali revolutionary and he joined Jugantar and its agitation movement against the Partition of Bengal. He was arrested in connection to Kingsford Assassination and send to Jail. In Alipore Jail Kanailal along with another detainee killed Naren Goswami (who had helped the British Government in the prosecution of 34 revolutionaries). After trial he was hanged on 10th November 1908.

Pritilata Waddedar

Dhalghat, Chittagong, Bengal Presidency, British India (now in Bangladesh)

5th May 1911 - 23rd September 1932

Pritilata Waddedar was one of the female freedom fighters of India who carried out revolutionary activity in Chittagong, now in Bangladesh. In her childhood she was amazed by the historic stories of Rani Lakshmi Bai. Pritilata was known for carrying out Pahartali European Club attack of 1932. The club had a signboard that read "Dogs and Indians not allowed". During the cross firing after the attack she got wounded and in order to avoid arrest, she swallowed cyanide and committed suicide.

Binoy Krishna Basu

Rohitbhog, Bikrampur, Bengal Presidency, British India (now in Bangladesh)

11th September 1908 - 13th December 1930

Binoy Basu was third conspirator of Writers' Building Attack. He along with Dinesh Gupta and Badal Gupta, entered the Writers' Building and shot dead Simpson. When he was surrounded by police and had no option to escape he shot himself. He was taken to the hospital where he died on 13 December 1930. Apart from Writers' Building attack he was also involved in killing Inspector General of Police Lowman. After independence of India, the Dalhousie square was named B.B.D. Bagh in memory of Benoy-Badal-Dinesh trio.

Bhagwati Charan Vohra

Lahore, British India

4th July 1904 - 28th May 1930

He was born in Lahore and he joined H.S.R.A when he met other freedom fighters of India at National College in Lahore. He was a great orator and a campaigner and he prepared the HSRA manifesto that was used to educate people about HSRA and its activity. He rented out a small room in Lahore and used it as his bomb preparation laboratory. The bomb prepared by him was used to blast the train of Viceroy Lord Irwin. He died in Lahore on 28th May 1930 while testing a bomb. It is said that bomb was necessary for the rescue of Bhagat Singh and other revolutionaries. His last words were: "Had this death been late by two days I would have attained more success before dying. Now that desire of mine remained unfulfilled."

Pratap Singh Baharat

Udaipur in Udiapur District in Indian state of Rajasthan

24th May 1893 - 7th May 1918

Pratap Singh Baharat was an Indian revolutionary who hailed from Udaipur district of Indian State of Rajasthan. He was born in the family of freedom fighters and with his uncle he carried out bombing at viceroy procession (Lord Hardinge) on 3rd December 1912. Later he was caught and trailed under Banaras Conspiracy Case. He was sentenced to 5 years rigorous imprisonment. Inside jail he was tortured to reveal the name of his fellow revolutionaries and he refused. He died in Bareilly Central Jail on 7th May 1918.

Bhai Balmukund

Kariyala, District Jhelum, British India (now in Pakistan)

1889 - 11th May 1915

Bhai Balmukund was born in Jhelum district, now in Pakistan. He was one of the founding members of Ghadar Party. He was involved in throwing bomb at Viceroy Procession in Delhi and killing Europeans by bomb at Lawrence Garden in Lahore. He was arrested in Jodhpur and after trial in court he was sentenced to death. He was hanged in Ambala Central Jail on 11th May 1915.

Rajendra Lahiri

Village of Mohanpur in a Brahman family of Pabna District, Bengal Presidency (now in Bangladesh)

29th June 1901 - 17th December 1927

Rajendra was born in Pabna District, now in Bangladesh and while studying in college he joined H.R.A to overthrow British from India by aggressive means. He participated in Dakshineswar Bombing and afterwards escaped from site. He remained underground in Benaras as a student and after joining H.R.A executed famous Kakori Train Conspiracy. After a long trial he was found guilty in both the cases and he was hanged in Gonda district Jail on 17th December 1927.

Vishnu Ganesh Pingle

Talegaon, Pune, British India

1888 - 16th November 1915

Vishnu Ganesh was born in Pune district of Maharashtra and during his early days he joined the Gadar Party. He was bright student who was very interested in studying engineering. After completing study in India he went to U.S.A to study mechanical engineering and there he Joined Gadar Party. He was one of the key member to carry out sepoy mutiny against British during World War-1. He planned to assassinate Lord Hardinge in Delhi and carried ten bombs with him which wereenough to blow up an entire regiment. He along with along with Kartar Singh was hanged on 16th November 1915 at the Lahore Central Jail.

Baikuntha Shukla

Muzaffarpur District, Bihar, British India

1907 - 1934

Baikunath Shukla was born in Muzaffarpur District of Bihar and he was associated with H.S.R.A. He actively participated in the Civil Disobedience Movement started by Gandhi and was arrested. After releasing from jail he joined revolutionary group. He carried out the execution of Phanindra Nath Ghosh who became British Government witness which ultimately led to the hanging of Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev and Rajguru. He was arrested and hanged Gaya Central Jail on 14th May 1934.

Veer Bhai Kotwal

Matheran, Neral, Raigad District, Maharashtra

1st December 1912 - 2nd January 1943

Veer Bhai Kotwal was born in Raigad District of Maharashtra. He carried out social and revolutionary work together in 1940's. He created group known as "Kotwal Dasta" and destroyed electric pylons & railway tracks thereby paralyzing the industries and railways. To counter Veer Bhai's attack British police announced a cash award of rupees 2500 for the arrest of Bhai Kotwal. On 2nd January 1943 when his Kotwal Dasta was shifting to another base police attacked his group. He was injured and killed in police encounter. He used to proudly say "live in my free country or in the heaven".

Bagha Jatin

Kushtia, Bengal Presidency, British India (now Bangladesh)

Kushtia, Bengal Presidency, British India (now Bangladesh)

The real name of Bagha Jatin was Jatindranath Mukherjee, he acquired the name "Bagha" after killing a Royal Bengal Tiger single handily with the help of knife. While working in Bengal he founded Anushilan Samiti to carry out the anti-British activity. He carried out the Howrah-Sibpur Conspiracy and acted as mentor for many revolutionaries. He carried out the independence movement when many prominent leaders were caught under Alipore Bombing Case. Finally on 9th September 1915 he was surrounded by British forces and gunfight lasted for many hours. During the gunfight he was wounded heavily and died next day. He was great admirer of Swami Vivekananda and inspired by Swami Vivekananda he expressed "Amra morbo, jagat jagbe" - "We shall die to awaken the nation".

Surya Sen

Chittagong, Bengal Presidency, British India (now Bangladesh)

22nd March 1894 - 12th January 1934

Surya Sen was a Bengali school teacher and he was famous for carrying out the Chittagong Armoury Raid. They planned to seize the armoury and then destroy the communication system of the city so that Chittagong can be isolated from rest of the India. When the British arrested all the person involved in Chittagong raid Surya Sen along with few revolutionaries escaped. While he was hiding in one village the locals informed the police about Surya Sen. He was captured and then tortured brutally. British broke all his teeth with a hammer and pulled out all his nails. They broke all his limbs and joints. He died on 12th January 1934.

Sachindra Bakshi

Banaras, United Provinces, British India

25th December 1904 - 23rd November 1984

Sachindra Nath Bakshi was a prominent Indian revolutionary belonging to the Hindustan Republican Association (HRA, which after 1928 became the Hindustan Socialist Republican Association or HSRA) that was created to carry out revolutionary activities against the British Empire in India. He participated in the Kakori train robbery and was sentenced to life for the same.

Manmath Nath Gupta

Banaras in the state of United Province in British India

7th February 1908 - 26th October 2000

Manmath Nath Gupta was an Indian revolutionary writer and author of autobiographical, historical and fictional books in Hindi, English and Bengali. He joined the Indian independence movement at the age of 13, and was an active member of the Hindustan Republican Association. He participated in the famous Kakori train robbery in 1925 and was imprisoned for 14 years. On release from jail in 1937, he started writing against the British government. He was sentenced again in 1939 and was released in 1946 just a year before the India's independence in 1947. He has written several books on the history of the Indian struggle for independence from a revolutionary's point of view, including They Lived Dangerously - Reminiscences of a Revolutionary. He was also the editor of the Hindi literary magazine Aajkal.

Bal Gangadhar Tilak

Ratnagiri, Bombay State, British India (present-day Maharashtra, India)

23rd July 1856 - 1st August 1920

Keshav Gangadhar Tilak was born on July 22, 1856 in a middle class Chitpavan Brahmin family in Ratnagiri, a small coastal town in south-western Maharashtra. His father, Gangadhar Shastri was a noted Sanskrit scholar and school teacher at Ratnagiri. His mother's name was Paravti Bai Gangadhar. Following his father's transfer, the family shifted to Poona (now Pune). In 1871 Tilak was married to Tapibai who was later rechristened as Satyabhamabai. Bal Gangadhar Tilak was an Indian social reformer and freedom activist. He was one of the prime architects of modern India and probably the strongest advocates of Swaraj or Self Rule for India. His famous declaration "Swaraj is my birthright, and I shall have it" served as an inspiration for future revolutionaries during India's struggle for freedom. The British Government termed him as the "Father of Indian Unrest" and his followers bequeathed upon him the title of 'Lokmanya' meaning he who is revered by the people. Tilak was a brilliant politician as well as a profound scholar who believed that independence is the foremost necessity for the well being of a nation.

Veer Narayan Singh

Sonakhan, Chhattisgarh

1795 - 10th December 1857

Veer Narayan Singh (1795-1857) was a landlord from Sonakhan, Chhattisgarh. He spearheaded the 1857 war Indian independence in Chhattisgarh. He is also known and considered as The 1st Chhattisgarhi freedom fighter The British arrested him in 1856 for looting a trader's grain stocks and distributing it amongst the poor in a severe famine year. In 1857 with the help of the soldiers of the British Army at Raipur, Veer Narayan Singh escaped from prison. He reached Sonakhan and formed an army of 500 men. Under the leadership of Smith, a powerful British army was dispatched to crush the Sonakhan army. Vir Narain Singh's martyrdom has been resurrected in the 1980s and he has become a potent symbol of Chhattisgarhi pride. He was executed on 10 December 1857. He became the first martyr from Chhattisgarh in the War of Independence. Government of Chhattisgarh named a cricket stadium Shaheed Veer Narayan Singh International Cricket Stadium after him.

Rao Tula Ram

Rampura, Rewari, Ahirwal, Punjab region

9th December 1825 - 23rd September 1863

Rao Tularam Singh was born on 9 December 1825 at Rampura in Rewari and one of the key leaders of the Indian rebellion of 1857, in Haryana, where he is considered a state hero. His father was Rao Puran Singh, his grandfather Rao Tej Singh and his mother's name was Rani Gyan Kanwar, who was daughter of Rao Zahari Singh, a local Jagirdar. He is credited with temporarily driving all of the British rule from the region that today is south-west Haryana during the rebellion, and also helping rebel forces fighting in the historic city of Delhi with men, money, and materiel. Noted as a good administrator and military commander.

Vasudev Balwant Phadke

Shirdhon village, Panvel taluka, Raigad district in Maharashtra (India)

4th November 1845 - 17th February 1883

Vasudev Balwant Phadke was born on 4 November 1845 an Indian independence activist and revolutionary who sought India's independence from British. Phadke was moved by the plight of the farmer community during British Raj. Phadke believed that Swaraj was the only remedy for their ills. With the help of the Koli, Bhil and Dhangar communities in Maharashtra, Vasudev formed a revolutionary group of Ramoshi. The group started an armed struggle to overthrow the British Raj. The group launched raids on rich English businessmen to obtain funds for their liberation struggle. Phadke came into limelight when he got control of the city of Pune for a few days when he caught the British soldiers off guard during one of his surprise attacks.

Ganesh Shankar Vidyarthi

Gwalior, MP

26th October 1890 - 25th March 1931

Ganesh Shankar Vidyarthi (26 October 1890 - 25 March 1931, Kanpur) was an Indian journalist, a leader of the Indian National Congress and an independence movement activist. He was an important figure in the non-cooperation movement and the freedom movement of India, who once translated Victor Hugo's novel Ninety-Three, and is mostly known as the founder-editor of the Hindi language newspaper, Pratap.

Tirot Sing

Meghalaya

Died - 17th July 1835

Tirot Sing, also known as U Tirot Sing, was one of the chiefs of the Khasi people in the early 19th century. He drew his lineage from the Syiemlieh clan. He was Syiem (chief)of Nongkhlaw, part of the Khasi Hills. His surname was Syiem. He was a constitutional head sharing corporate authority with his Council, generally representatives of leading clans within his territory. Tirot Sing fought against British attempts to take over control of the Khasi Hills. He died on 17 July 1835. His death is commemorated in Meghalaya India as U Tirot Sing Day.

Kishori Lal

Punjab, India

1912 - 11th July 1990

Kishori Lal (born 1912, died 11 July 1990) was a freedom fighter from Punjab, India who worked with Bhagat Singh and the Hindustan Socialist Republican Association (HSRA).

He was born in village Dharampur, tehsil Dasuya, district Hoshiarpur, Punjab. This village -coordinates 31.880761℃N 75.914580℃E - is situated on the south-western slopes of the Sola Singhi range. He attended primary school in Dharampur and then moved to Quetta (now in Pakistan) where his father was posted as a Sanskrit teacher. After finishing his matriculation in Quetta, he joined DAV College Lahore to pursue higher studies . His father and three elder brothers were all imbued with the spirit of Indian nationalism. In early 1928, Kishori Lal joined the Naujawan Bharat Sabha, thereby coming into direct and close contact with the founder of the Sabha, Bhagat Singh . The Sabha instilled revolutionary ideas among the youth and prepared them for the struggle for India's freedom.

He was involved with the HSRA bomb-making unit at 69 Kashmiri Building, Lahore, from where he was arrested on 15 April 1929 along with Sukhdev Thapar. While he was being held in jail as an undertrial prisoner, Lal participated in a historic hunger strike by HSRA members. At the conclusion of the trial in the Lahore Conspiracy Case 1929, the judge sentenced Bhagat Singh, Rajguru and Sukhdev to death by hanging. Kishori Lal was sentenced to transportation for life . He served his 18-year sentence in the jails of Lahore, Multan and Montgomery. He spent nearly five years in solitary confinement due to his rebellious nature.

Pandit Kanshi Ram

Ambala, Punjab

Died - 27th March 1915

Pandit Kanshi Ram was born at Ambala(Punjab). He was the founder member of Ghadar party along with Har Dayal, Sohan Singh Bakhna, Kartar Singh Sarabha and Vishnu Ganesh Pingle. Ghadar conspiracy was formed for a pan-Indian mutiny in the British Indian Army in February, 1915. The conspirators included the Indian nationalist in India, U.S.A., and Germany along with help from the Irish republicans and tthe German foreign office. Pandit Kanshiram was sentenced to death along with Pingle and Sarabha in Lahore on March, 1915 ( in some sources November, 1916)

Anant Laxman Kanhere

Aayani (Anjani), India

1891 - 19th April 1910

Anant Laxman Kanhere was born in 1891 in At Post Bramhanwadi, Aayani (Anjani), a small village in Khed Taluka, Ratnagiri district. He had two brothers and two sisters. He completed his primary education in Nizamabad (which was then also called as Indur ), and his English education took place in Aurangabad. Later, Anant wrote a novel 'Mitra Prem' about the friendships he developed at this time. Anant came in contact with the members of secret revolutionary groups at this time, and was attracted towards their work. At that time the atmosphere in India and Maharashtra, called the Central Province during the British era, was very much charged with anti-British feelings. Nashik was at the forefront with the formation of the revolutionary organization Abhinav Bharat Society by the Savarkar Brothers. Many small secret revolutionary organizations were formed in and around Nashik, guided by Babarao Savarkar, elder brother of Vinayak Damodar Savarkar. Krishnaji Gopal Karve, popularly called Anna Karve, had formed one such secret society in Nashik. Anna Karve was a young lawyer who aspired to do something for his motherland. Another member of the secret society was Vinayak Narayan Deshpande, who was also one of the main accused in the Jackson Murder case; he was a teacher in an English Medium school in Panchavati, Nashik.

Krishnaji Gopal Karve

Nashik, Maharashtra

1887 - 19th April 1910

Krishanji was born at Nashik on 1887. He was a great scholar of Hindu Philosophy and was a member of Abhinav Bharat Society at Nashik. He was an expert on making bombs and taught to two of his co-workers who targeted to destroy British rule. He was accused of killing Jackson with Anant Laxman Kanhere and Vinayak Narayan Deshpande. Both three were sentenced to death by Bombay high court and hanged on 19 April, 1910.

Vinayak Narayan Deshpande

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Vinayak narayan Deshpande was 21 years old when he was hanged with Anant Laxman Kanhere and Krishnaji Gopal Karve for the same case.

Shyamiji Krishnavarma Bhansali

Mandavi, Gujrat

4th October, 1857 - 30th March 1930

Shyamiji Krishnavarma Bhansali was born on 4 October, 1857 at Mandavi(Gujrat). He was a great scholar of Sanskrit and after his early education, he went to England for higher studies on 1879 and registered with Balliol college (Oxford). On 18 February, he founded Indian home rule society. He purchased a house an London which was later named as "India House" and organized meeting point for radical nationalists among Indian students in Britain at the time and one of the most prominent centers for revolutionary Indian nationalism outside India. Dadabhai Naoroji, Lala Lajpat Rai, Gopal Krishna Gokhle were also attached with him. Shyamiji helped some revolutionaries like Madan Lal Dhingra, Damodar Savarkar by his inspirational speeches. Shyamiji died in exile in Switzerland on 30 March, 1930. I salute this scholar and fighter.

Hari Krishan Talwar

Punjab

January, 1908 - 9th June, 1931

Hari Krishan Talwar was born in January, 1908 at a small village of Punjab. The trail f Bhagat Singh and others in Lahore conspiracy case and of Ram Prasad Bismil and Asfaqulla in Kakori case made a great impact on young Hari krishan and he attempted to kill Governor of Punjab Geofreey deMontmorrency when he was coming out from Lahore University hall after delivering the convocational address. His shot injured him and a police officer Chanan Singh was killed. Later he was arrested and hanged on 9 June, 1931 at Mianawala jail, West Punjab.

Maulavi Abdul Hafiz Mohamed Barkatullah

Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh

7th July, 1854 - 20th September 1927

Barkatullah was born on 7 July, 1854 at Bhopal. He was a great scholar of Arabic, Persian, Urdu, Turkish, English, Japanese and German. In 1887, he went to England to teach Persian, Urdu and Arabic and came into contact of Lala Hardayal and Raja Mahendra Pratap. He was the founder member of Gadhar Party at San Francisco in 1897. Barkatullah met Shyamiji Krishnavarama and in 1904, he left for Japan after one year living in America. Barkatullah mainly wrote fiery speeches and revolutionary writings in leading newspapers for the independence of India. He encouraged maximum revolutionaries through his articles and also donated money to the sikh prisoner's family at Punjab. He was no more to see independent India as he died on 20 September, 1927 at San Francisco. I salute this patriot.

Kranti Kumar

Haryana

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Kranti Kumar was a revolutionary born at Haryana. In 1926. he became a member of Naujawan Bharat Sabha and met Bhagat singh. He was arrested and tortured in Shahi Quila at Lahore in 1930 for anti-British activity. He was given chilli smoke which resulted in partial blindness. In April, 1930, he was released from jail but again in 1931, he was arrested for Lahore conspiracy case and sentenced for life time imprisonment. After independence he did some government jobs and in 1957, after retirement, he worked as a journalist with several newspapers.

Alluri Sitaram Raju

Bhmavaram( Andhra Pradesh)

4th July, 1897 - 7th May 1924

Alluri Sitaram Raju was born on 4 July, 1897 at Bhmavaram( Andhra Pradesh). In 1882, An act passed at Madras by British as Madras Forest Act where there were restrictions on the free movement of tribal peoples on the forest. As the traditional "podu" agriculture system needed shifting cultivation, so a protest rose. Being inspired by other revolutionaries, Raju led the movement at East Godavari and Visakhapattanam Districts of Andhra. He and his group stole guns and killed several British officer like Scott Coward, hence government announced Rs. 10000 reward on his capture. In 1922, British deployed a army company against Raju and his followers. But it was too hard to find him out. The cruel British reprisals against the tribal people and their mounting misery impelled him to surrender. A just and chivalrous man, he expected a fair trial and recognition of his people's rights. He was treacherously shot dead by the British police on May 7, 1924.

Master Amirchand

Delhi

1869 - 8th May 1914

Master Amirchand was born in 1869 at Delhi. He was a great social activist and worked for widow marriage, spread of education. He had a great interest on freedom movement and after meeting Lala Har Dayal, he became a prominent member of Gadhar Party. Being inspired by Ras Behari Bose, he did several revolutionary activities on North-east India. He was highly involved in Delhi Conspiracy case, where he and his group planned to kill Lord Hardinge. According to the plan, Amirchand, Avadh Behari, Basant Kumar Biswas and Bhai Balmokand threw bomb on him while he was passing on an elephant at Chandni Chowk. He was participating in a rally regarding Delhi declared as India's capital. They all were arrested in Feb, 1914 and sentenced to death on 5 October, 1914 and died on gallows on 8 may, 1914.

Avadh Behari

Delhi

1889 - 11th May 1915

Avadh Bihari was born in 1889 at Delhi. He was a national activist and a freedom fighter. He had some revolutionary activities against British rule and fought against them from Uttar Pradesh and Punjab. He was associated with Ras Bihari Bose and planned to throw bomb on Lord Hardinge, the viceroy of India. On 23 Decemeber, 1912, He threw bomb on him along with Amirchand, Balmokand and Basanta Biswas, which is called Delhi conspiracy in Indian History. He was arrested on February, 1914 for this case and accused for explosion of a bomb in the Lawrence Garden at Lahore on May17, 1913. All of them were sentenced to death and hanged at Ambala central Jail on May 11, 1915.

Bakshish Singh

Amritsar, Punjab

Died - 16th November 1915

Bakhshish Singh was born at Amritsar ( Punjab) . He was a great revolutionary and a prominent member of Gadhar Party. He had an active role in the Lahore Bomb Conspiracy. Later he was arrested and hanged on 16 November, 1915 at Lahore Jail.

Durga Malla

Doiwala, ( Now in Uttaranchal)

1st July, 1913 - 25 August 1944

Durga Malla was the first Gorkha soldiers to sacrifice his life. Malla was born in July, 1913 at Doiwala ( Now in Uttaranchal). In 1931 he got enrolled in Gorkha rifles at the age of 18 and in 1942, Malla joined in Indian National Army. Due to his devotion and skill, he became major very soon and worked in the intelligence branch of INA. He was collecting information of enemies but unfortunately got caught on 27 March, 1944 at Kohima ( Nagaland). In 1944, he was hanged at Delhi Central Jail. I salute this martyr.

"The sacrifice I am offering shall not go in vain. India will be free. I am confident. This is only a matter of time, Sharda! Don't worry, crores ofHindustanis are with you", said Malla to his wife before his death.

Harigopal Bal

Kanungopara (now in Bangladesh)

Died - 22nd April, 1930

Harigopal Bal was born in a village Kanungopara ( now in Bangladesh). He took part on Chittagong Armoury Raid on 18 April, 1930. Later he escaped but after four days he was injured after being shot at the fight against British Police on Jallalabad hill near Chittagong and died on 22 April, 1930.

Senapati Tikendrajit Singh

Manipur in Present-Day Northeastern India

29th December, 1856 - 13th August 1891

Tikendrajit Singh was born on 29 December, 1856 ( In some sources 25 December, 1858) at Imphal ( Manipur). He was one of the four sons of Maharaja Chandrakirti Singh and was well educated in Hindi and other local languages. After the death of king on 20 May, 1886, Surachandra Singh became the king of Manipur and Tikendrajit was appointed as the Senapati ( General). A controversy took place on the internal ground of this dynasty and Tikendrajit became the king ( Maharaja). He tok a leading part in resisting intervention in the affairs of independent Manipur. On 24 March, 1891, The British troop attacked the residence of king and killed many innocent people. To take a revenge, the civilians of Manipur killed five British officers including Grimwood and Quinton. On 31 March, 1891 , the British declared war against Manipur but Tikendrajit fought bravely against British invansion but was captured on 23 may,1891 and sentenced to death by the British for "waging war against the British Crown and abetment of the murder of European officers". He was hanged on August 13, 1919, at Keithel Achouba.

Thangal General

Imphal (Manipur).

1806 - 13th August 1891

Thangal General ( Lungthoubu Thangal) was born from Thongal tribe of Manipur and in 1806 at Imphal (Manipur). He was the general of Manipur army, hence he was well known as Thangal General. From his childhood, he was bold, active, intelligent and fond of hunting. He fought bravely against the British for Independent Manipur Under the reign on Tikendrajit. He was captured by British army in 1891 and hanged on 13 August, 1891 at Keithal Achouba.

Damodar Hari Chapekar

Poona (Maharastra)

24th June 1869 - 18th April 1898

Damodar Hari Chapekar was born to a Hindu Brahmin family on 24 June, 1869 at Poona (Maharastra). He was well educated and took an active part in political activities. He organized a society for promoting physical culture and imparting military training to patriotic youths, so that they can over throw British rule. Along with his two brothers ( Basudeo and Balkrishna), he made a plan to kill Mr. Rand, the British Plague Commissioner of Poona and managed two Martin- Henri Rifles ( nos 468 and 532) and sword bayonet. They attacked Mr. Rand at night while he was returning from the Govt. House after participating in the 60th anniversary celebrations of Queen Victoria's Coronation, held on June 22, 1897. Mr Rand was highly injured and died on 3 July, 1897 where as an another British woman Mrs. Ayerst died on spot. Later he was arrested and hanged on 18 April, 1898.

Balwant Singh

Khurdpur, Jullandha ( Punjab)

1883 - 29th March 1917

Balwant Singh was born in 1883 at Khurdpur, Jullandha ( Punjab). He was a prominent member of Gadhar Party. In 1906, he went to Canada and took a role against injustice Emigration laws of the Govt. of Canada. In 1911, he came back to India with Bhag Singh and Sunder Singh and created awareness among Indians about the difficulties of Indians at Canada. In 1911, he went to USA but was arrested for the murder of Canadian emigration inspector Hopkinson. In 1915, he was handed over to British Govt. and accused again for Lahore Conspiracy Case as to over throwing British rule through an armed revolt. He was sentenced to death and hanged on 29 March, 1917 ( in some sources 1916) at Lahore Jail.

Mewa Singh

Lopoke (Punjab)

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Mewa singh was born at Lopoke (Punjab). Mewa Singh shot dead William Hopkins for his discriminative attitude towards Indians living in canada and using informers to spy on Indian immigrants. It happened on 21 October, 1914. On 30 October, 1914, he was found guilty and executed on 11 January,1915 at Vancouver, Canada. He was the first Indian to be hanged in Canada.

Shiv Verma

Hardoi ( U. P.)

9th February, 1904 - 10th January 1997

Shiv Verma was born on 9 February, 1904 at Hardoi ( U. P.). He participated on Ghandhi's non cooperation movement when he was only 17. After Chouri Choura incident, Verma was dissatisfied with Gandhi's role and came in contact with Chandra Sekhar Azad. In 1925, he joined to the central committee of Hindustan Socialist Republican Association and made bombs for their revolution. He was the main leader of 2nd Lahore conspiracy case and was arrested at Saharanpur bomb factory on 13 May,1929 and sent to Rajamundari Jail ( A.P.) for life time imprisonment with his co activists. Later he was sent to Celluler Jail and was released from Celluler Jail on 21 February, 1946. He died on 10 January, 1997.

Satyendra Chandra Bardhan

Bitghar (Now in Bangladesh)

Died - 10th September 1943

Satyendra Chandra Bardhan was born at Bitghar ( Now in Bangladesh). In 1941, he joined Indian Independence League in Malaya and later enlisted in the Indian National Army. He actively took part on revolutionary works for Indian freedom. He landed on the Kathiawar Coast by submarine but got caught. Bardhan, Abdul Khader, Fouja Singh and Boniface Pereira were sentenced to death and both were hanged on 10 September, 1943 at Madras Jail.

Sewa Singh Thikriwala

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1886 - 19th January 1935

Sewa Singh was founder president of Riyasat Parjamandal Party during the reign of Maharaja Bhupinder Singh of Patiala and British. For his activities against British rule, he was arrested and later tortured to death in Jail and died on 19 January, 1935.

Jaidev Kapoor

Hardoi (UP)

1908 - 19th September 1994

Jaidev Kapoor was born on Diwali, 1908 at Hardoi (UP). At the teen ages, he was interested to join Hindustan Socialist Republican Association and later he joined and met Chandra Sekhar Azad and became a good comrade of Bhagat Singh. In April 9, 1929. a plan was formed by revolutionaries as throwing bomb on Assembly house at Delhi. Kapoor along with Shiv Verma arranged bombs for their group and arranged entry passes to Bhagat Singh and Batukeswar Dutta to entry in assembly and also accompanied them to assembly to recover passes. He was sentenced to transportation for life time imprisonment in Celluler jail. He died on 19 September, 1994.

Mahavir Singh

Shahpur, U.P

16th September, 1908 - 17th May 1933

Mahavir Singh was born at Shahpur (up) on 16 September, 1908. When he was a student of D.A.V. college of Kanpur, he became interested to the activities of Chandra Sekhar Azad and later he joined Hindustan Socialist Republican Association. He was the prominent comrade of Bhagat Singh. When Bhagat and Rajguru killed Saunders, Mahavir drove the car by which they both escaped. He was arrested in 1929 and deported to Celluler Jail of Andaman. There he participated in the first hunger strike and while authority brutally tried to feed him, he became victim of it and died inside jail on 17 May, 1933.

Sushila Didi

Danto Chuharh, Gujrat

5th March, 1905 - 13th January 1963

Sushila didi was born on 5 March, 1905 at Danto Chuharh (Gujrat). When she was in college in 1926, she was powered by nationalism. The news of hanged to death of Bismil, Roshan Singh and Rajendra Lahidi made her worried and she decided to Join Hindustan Socialist Republican Association. With an another revolutionary Bhagawati Charan Bohra, she joined HSRA and helped all revolutionaries. After saunders murder, she arranged a house for Bhagat Singh to take shelter in calcutta. When Bhagat Singh and Batukeswar Dutta were arrested after Delhi conspiracy, Sushila didi and Durga Bhabi helped others to escape them out. On 1 October, 1931. Sushila didi and others shoot at European sergent Taylor and his wife and she escaped later on. She did many social works till her death.

Sukhdev Raj

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Died - 3rd May 1931

Sukhdev Raj was a member of HSRA and a faithful coworker to Chandra Sekhar Azad. After the attempt to blow up the Viceroy under the leadership of Azad. 4 members were arrested by police but was not able to arrest Azad along with others including Sukhdev Raj. Later police came to know that Sukhdev Raj is residing in the Shalimar park in Lahore. In that chase, Sukhdev Raj was arrested where as his partner Jagadish Chandra Rai shot dead on 3 May, 1931.

Bijoy Kumar Sinha

Kanpur (UP)

17th January, 1909

Bijoy Kumar Sinha was born at kanpur (UP) on 17 January, 1909. when he was a student of Christ Church College, he joined Hindustan Socialist Republican Association with two other friends Ajoy Ghosh and Batukeswar Dutt. He was convicted in Lahore Conspiracy case ( was associated with Delhi conspiracy case too, where as his brother Raj Kumar Sinha was associated with Kakori Train robbery) and underground for 2 years. He joined in the hunger strike inside Lahore jail. Later, he was sentenced to life time imprisonment and sent to Celluler jail where he again participated on hunger strike. In 1937, he was repatriated and finally released on 1945.

Sham Singh Attariwala

Attari (Near Indo-Pak Border)

1790 - 1846

Sham Singh Attariwala was born at Attari ( near Indo-Pak border) in 1790. He was well educated in Persian and Gurumukhi. At that time Maharaja Ranjit Singh ruled in Punjab and due to Sham singh's bravery, Ranjit Singh appointed him as a jathedhar of 5000 horsemen. He fought against Dogra dominance in Kashmir who already made strategy against Punjab rulers and succeeded to some extend. He became the general of Punjab army and led his troop against British on the first Anglo-Sikh war. On 10 February, 1846 Sham Singh rushed to join Sikh forces at Sabharon when he heard that Sikh forces are about to defeat against British but his nationalism did not last for a long time as he severely wounded at the battle field. On 12 February, 1846 he was cremated outside his village.

Dewan Mool Raj

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During Maharaja Ranjit Singh's reign, Dewan Mool Raj was an efficient and loyal Governor of Multan, He was the son of Diwan Sawanmal Chaupadhae and appointed Governor by the Lahore darbar. During his reign, two British officers were killed by the Lahore forces. As a result, the British Resident of Lahore, John Lawrence, wanted to dismiss Mool Raj. On account of his loyalty to the kingdom of Ranjit Singh, he revolted against the British East India Company who were forcibly annexing Ranjit Singh's Punjab. He put up a brave defense of the fort of Multan but was defeated on this day. The British arrested and imprisoned him in Calcutta jail, where he died in 1850.

Bhai Maharaj Singh

Rabbon (Ludhinana)

Died - 5th July 1856

Bhai Maharaja Singh was born at Rabbon (Ludhinana) as Nihal Singh. He was a very polite person but after Anglo-Sikh war he turned to revolutionary and started his career as same with Prema Conspiracy case where he killed Henry Lawrence and other British officers of the Lahore darbar. Later he was underground but clever British declared reward for his arrest. He intensified his activities against British when he came to know about the revolt of Dewan Mool raj agaist British in 1848. In 1849, he moved to his secret head quarter in Jammu and in December of the same year he came to Hoshiyarpur to enlist the support of Sikh regiment. He was arrested on 28 December, 1849 at Adampur and after a long time confinement he died on 5 July, 1856.

Ram Rakha

Hoshiyarpur (Punjab)

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Ram Rakkha was born at Hoshiyarpur (Punjab). He was a prominent revolutionary against British rule in India. He was a member of famous Gadhar party. With Sohan Lal Pathak, he worked for creating a revolt in Burma, Singapore and Malaya, so that the Indian armies deployed at those countries can be aware against British colonialism. He was arrested in Burma and sentenced for life time imprisonment in the Cellular Jail. He was subjected to cruel British torture which leaded him to death and as he was actively participated on hunger strike.

Sohan Lal Pathak

Patti, Near Amritsar (Punjab)

7th January, 1883 - 10th February 1916

Sohan Lal Pathak was born on 7 January, 1883 at Patti, near Amritsar (Punjab). He was a primary school teacher at the first stage of life but later he was powered by Nationalism. He resigned the post when he was asked to disconnect his relation with Lala Lajpat Rai and some other leaders of India. He joined Gadhar Party in California, USA and came to Burma, Singapore and Malaya to influence Indian armies for a revolt against British army. But in 1915, some of prominent leaders of Gadhar party was shot dead and Pathak was arrested and sentenced to death for organizing an uprising. On 10 February, 1916 he was hanged at Mandalay jail.

Ananta Hari Mitra

Begumpur, Nadia, West Bengal

1906 - 28th September 1926

Ananta Hari Mitra was born at Begumpur, Nadia ( West Bengal) in 1906. His father name was Ram Lal Mitra. He actively took part in the Non Co operation movement in 1921 but later he became a revolutionary and prepared bombs to plan several cases. His revolutionary activities mainly was formed at Krishnagar. Ananta was arrested from Dhakhineswar bomb factory on 10 November, 1925 and accused for same and sent to Alipore jail. There he was kept with some members in the bomb enclosure of Alipore Central jail where he and his partners killed Bhupen Chatterjee, the Deputy Superintendent of Police. For this murder, he was sentenced to death and hanged on 28 September, 1926.

Pramod Ranjan Choudhury

Kelishar, Chttagong (Now in Bangladesh)

1904 - 28th September 1926

Pramod Ranjan Choudhury was born at Kelishar, Chttagong (now in Bangladesh) in 1904. His father name was Ishan Chndra Chaudhury. When he was a student joined Anushilan Samiti, a revolutionary society in 1920. HE took prominent part on Non Co operation Movement and arrested in the connection with Dakshineswar bomb case and sent to Alipore central jail. IN jail, he killed the Deputy Commissioner of police Mr. Bhupendra Nath Chatterjee by an iron rod with Anant Hari Mitra. Later he was sentenced to death and hanged on 28 September, 1926.

Satyendra Nath Basu

Midnapore, West Bengal

30th July, 1882 - 21st November 1908

Satyendra Nath basu was born on 30 July, 1882 at Midnapore (West Bengal). He was a teacher of a government school and took active part on nationalist movement. He was one of the founders of Anandamath which was a revolutionary secret society at Midnapore. In 1906, he was dismissed from service for his anti British activities. On 28 June, 1908 he was arrested in connection with Muzaffarpur Bomb case and Alipore Bomb case . Later he was sentenced to death for killing an approver Narendra Gossain and hanged on 21 November, 1908 at Alipore Central jail.

Jagat Singh Alias Jai Singh

Sursirig (Now in Amritsar)

1883 - 16th November 1915

Jagat Singh alias Jai Singh was born at Sursirig ( now in Amritsar) in 1883. His father name was Arur singh, a farmer. At the age of 20, he joined he joined Indian army but later he left this job and worked at a sawmill at Vacouver, Canada. There he was associated with Gadhar party and in 1914, he returned to India. In India he was taking initiative role in strengthening Gadhar party and looted official moneys and manufactured bombs. He was escaping away but a police spy Kirpal Singh informed British about his activities and most active Gadhar members were arrested including Katar Singh Sarabha and Vishnu Ganesh Pingley. Being accused in Lahore conspiracy case, he was hanged with other members on 16 November, 1915.

Babu Genu Sayeed

Mahalunge Padwal, Near Poona (Maharastra)

Mahalunge Padwal, Near Poona (Maharastra)Mahalunge Padwal, Near Poona (Maharastra)

Babu Genu Said was born at Mahalunge Padwal, near Poona (Maharastra) in 1908. His father name is Gyanaba. After studying upto 4th standard, he began to work as a mill worker and took active part in the civil disobedience movement in 1930. He participated on Gandhi's salt satyagraha and picketed foreign cloth. Suddenly British arrived on Princess Street, Bombay. It was 12 Decemeber, 1930 where he lay down in front of a truck loaded with foreign cloths. He peacefully protested but British crushed him under the wheel of truck and Genu died on the same day. This is another example of brutal torture by British.

Baji Raut

Nilakanthapur (Orissa)

5th October 1926 - 11th October 1938

Baji Raut was born at Nilakanthapur (Orissa) in 1926. He was a boatman and a volunteer of Prajamandal Party. He mainly worked as a boatman on Nilakanthapur Ghat on the Brahmini river . On 11 October, 1938, some British soldiers and policemen arrived on the ghat and it was the night time and their intention was to search and arrest the volunteers. They force Raut to take them across the river in his boat but he refused and told them that they are the enemies of villagers. A soldier shot him on his head and his skull was fractured. Despite of his serious injuries he alerted the villagers about the arrival of British soldiers. He died on the same nigh at the age of 12 due to excessive loss of blood. I salute this young martyr

Dr. Mathura Singh

Dhudial (Punjab, now in Pakistan).

Died - 1917

Mathura Singh was born at Dhudial (Punjab, now in Pakistan). He was a chemist and later joined Gadhar party in San Francisco, USA in 1913. Then he went to Sanghai, Germany and Pakistan to enlarge that revolutionary sentiments among Indians. He came to India and secretly worked from the Gadhar head quarters of Amritsar and prepared bombs. When British detected his presence, then declared a prize of 2000 INR for his arrest. Later he was captured by police and hanged in March, 1917.

Gopi Nath Saha

Srerampore (West Bengal)

1906 - 1st March 1924

Gopi Nath Saha was born at Srerampore (West Bengal). His father name was Bejoy Krishna Saha. When he was a student, influenced by revolutionaries of Bengal and took part in the Non Cooperation movement in 1921. He was selected to kill the Police commissioner of Calcutta Mr. Tegart but by misidentifying, he shot dead another Englishman Mr. E. Day on 12 January, 1924. Later he was arrested and sentenced to death. He was hanged in Alipore Jail on 1 March, 1924.

Bhan Singh

Sunet, Ludhiana (Punjab)

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Bhan Singh was born at Sunet, Ludhiana (Punjab). His father name was Savan Singh. At the younger stage he went to Sanghai and There after America where he was involved with Gadhar movement and came to India to influence Indian armies for a revolt against British. When police found him at Calcutta on 19 October, 1914, he was arrested and sent to jail. After preliminary interrogation, he was released in November, 1914 but rearrested for Lahore conspiracy case in February, 1915. He was sentenced for life ttime imprisonment and transported to Cellular jail. Bhan Singh died inside the jail for brutal police torture on 1917.